Now, my title recalls the 5th century error of Pelagius. This error is complex and I don't want to risk oversimplification, but at its essence Pelagius argued that the sin of Adam bore no direct influence on the human race. That is to say that Adam's sin did nothing but provide a bad example for subsequent humans to follow. It did not bind their will or impart a sin nature that would orient them toward sin and selfishness. It did not impart any guilt or separation from God inherent in our nature.
Augustine refuted this error by teaching that although human will was free either to sin (posse pecare) or to not sin (posse non-pecare). However, after the fall Adam's sin has obliterated our ability to not sin and has rendered us unable to not sin (non-posse non-pecarre). Furthermore, the concept that we also inherit Adam's guilt is a concept that would be later developed from Augustinian thought in the Reformation.
That brings us to Article Two of the Statement of the Traditional Southern Baptist Understanding of God’s Plan of Salvation. It reads in its denial as follows:
We deny that Adam’s sin resulted in the incapacitation of any person’s free will or rendered any person guilty before he has personally sinned.
I know some of you reading this are going to say "Arminians are not Pelagian!" I agree! However, this statement is not in accord with classical Arminianism either. This article in this new statement is radically dangerous and leads to a Pelagian idea that a person could live their entire life without sinning.
A) A person is born without a bound will, meaning that they will not necessarily sin (they probably still will, but it not a necessary result)
B) A person does not inherit any form of guilt from Adam's sin
C) A person is born essentially tabula rasa and since they could live a life without sinning, they could live a life that is in no need of redemption
D) This render's Christ's sacrifice as merely a helpful aid or example in living a righteous life
Now, am I describing Pelagianism or the results of Article Two? Can you tell the difference? I can't... that's a problem.